The Importance of Dredging in Today’s World
Silt and other materials that are found at the bottom of water bodies are removed through the process of dredging. At the bottom of the lakes, harbors, rivers and water bodies is where you will find these sediments and debris which are to be removed. The presence of the sand and silt that’s washed downstream makes it necessary to unblock. Dredging focuses on making sure that boats and ships have safe passage through maintaining and increasing the depth of navigation channels, anchorages, and berthing areas.The equipment that is used in a dredging activity is called a dredge. The various types of dredgers include cutter suction dredger, hopper dredger, trailer suction hopper dredger, clamshell dredger, hydraulic dredger, suction dredger, reclamation dredger, among others. The equipment is used for the same purpose but in particular water bodies. Dredging has other uses which are mining sand, clay, or rock for construction, mining for gold and other valuables, reclaiming damaged areas by old settlers and storms, clearing trash off the sea beds, providing materials for eroded beaches, among others.
Among the key activities in a nation’s economy is dredging. This is because massive ships carry the bulk of goods that are imported into and exported from a country. Dredging assists in avoiding the collapse of the economy by ensuring that there is no stoppage in the flow of activities by the ships. Vessels are able to stay afloat and avoid reaching the bottom by the help of the various dredges which sustain the right amounts of water required. As time goes by the sizes of ships which are sent increase which makes it necessary for the water levels to be maintained or increased. To reduce the exposure of fish, wildlife, and people to contaminants in the water and avoid further spread of the contaminants in the water bodies, the dredging activity very significant. Water pollution caused by cities and industrial sites that bring in contaminated sediments makes it necessary to carry out dredging. There are different sources that cause pollution which are sewer overflows, municipal and industrial discharges, and spills. Damages caused by adverse weather conditions and increased climatic changes are righted through dredging. Many cities affected by exposure to rising sea levels and storm damages require dredging for reclamation. In order to maintain ports, dredges play a key role. It is better to have a dredging system in place than wait for damages to occur for action to be taken. This will save on costs that would otherwise have been incurred due to damages.
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